constitution?"; $o[2] = "How are constitutional principles defined in Britain?"; $o[3] = "What is \"Magna Carta\"? Where and when was it signed by whom?"; $o[4] = "What were the most important clauses of Magna Carta?"; $o[5] = "How is power distributed within the central government?"; $o[6] = "What function does the monarch have and what problems does the Queen face today?"; $o[7] = "Are the number of Members of Parliament static?
How many MPs are there today?"; $o[8] = "Both the members of the House of Commons and the House of Lords are actually Members of Parliament. Do we refer to the members of both Houses when using the term 'Member of Parliament' (MP)?"; $o[9] = "What is a constituency and how many constituencies are there?"; $o[10] = "What are the main functions of Parliament?"; $o[11] = "Why is Parliament called Westminster?"; $o[12] = "Who keeps order in the House of Commons, and what are his/her major duties?
Which political party does he/she represent, and how does he/she vote?
How is he/she elected?"; $o[13] = "The House of Commons is definitely the most powerful part of Parliament. What functions does the House of Lords have?"; $o[14] = "What is the difference between the \"Government\" and the \"Cabinet\"?"; $o[15] = "What is a bill?"; $o[16] = "What is meant by an \"Act of Government\"?"; $o[17] = "Give a brief outline of the different stages a proposed bill will have to pass."; $o[18] = "What is a backbencher?"; $o[19] = "What is meant by lobbying?"; $svar[1] = " A constitution is a description of the principles a nation is governed by, especially the manner in which power is distributed.
"; $svar[2] = "Britain's constitution is not set out in a single written document. Instead, the constitution is based on the laws of the country, how these have traditionally been interpreted, and custom.
"; $svar[3] = " Magna Carta, or the Great Charter, was signed by King John on June 15th, 1215, at Runnymede on the Thames. "; $svar[4] = " "; $svar[5] = " Power is shared by the three elements of the central government at Westminster: the Crown, The House of Lords and the House of Commons. "; $svar[6] = " "; $svar[7] = " The precise number of Members of the House of Commons varies from time to time, depending on demographic and other territorial changes, but it is currently 645 (2005), plus one vacant seat.
"; $svar[8] = " Technically, all members of both the House of Commons and the House of Lords are Members of Parliament.
However, convention dictates that the term Member of Parliament, or MP, only applies to members of the House of Commons - those representatives who are democratically elected to represent each parliamentary constituency either at a general election or by-election.
Source: BBC "; $svar[9] = " A constituency is the geographical area that each Member of Parliament represents.
The United Kingdom is presently (2005) divided up into 645 constituencies, each of which elects one Member of Parliament to the House of Commons. "; $svar[10] = " "; $svar[11] = " Simply because it is housed in the Palace of Westminster in London. "; $svar[12] = " The Speaker presides over the House of Commons and is responsible for keeping order during debates and ensuring that the rules of the House are obeyed.
The Speaker must always act impartially and protect the right of all MPs to speak during debates. The Speaker does not take part in debates and only votes if there is a tie and a casting vote is needed.
Elected at the start of each new Parliament by all the members of the Commons the Speaker will be a respected senior MP. Once elected, however, the Speaker ceases to represent any political party. The Speaker has three deputies who act in his or her absence. "; $svar[13] = " "; $svar[14] = " The Prime Minister selects a large team of ministers to run each of the government departments, such as the Department for Education or the Home Office.
The head of each department is usually a secretary of state and sits in the cabinet. Each secretary of state has a team of junior ministers, known as ministers of state, parliamentary under-secretaries of state and parliamentary secretaries.

The \"cabinet\" is the group of twenty or so - no more than 22 - impotant senior government ministers who are responsible for running the departments of state and deciding government policy. "; $svar[15] = " A bill is a proposal for a new piece of legislation that - if approved by a majority in both houses - will become an Act of Parliament and law of the land. "; $svar[16] = " When a government, or occasionally a backbench MP, wishes to change the law it introduces draft proposals in the form of a bill. "; $svar[17] = "
  1. First reading:
    The title of a bill is read out and copies of it are printed but no debate takes place.
  2. Second reading:
    The general principles contained in a bill are debated by MPs.
  3. Committee stage:
    Members subject a bill to line by line examination and make amendments.
  4. Report stage:
    A bill that has been amended in committee stage is reviewed by the Commons.
  5. Third reading:
    The House takes an overview of the bill as finally amended.
  6. Lords stages:
    The House of Lords examine the bill in a similar manner to that of the Commons. The Commons and Lords must finally agree on the text of a bill.
  7. Royal assent:
    The monarch formally assents to a bill in order for it to pass into law. Royal assent has never been withheld in recent times.
"; $svar[18] = " The vast majority of MPs do not hold ministerial or shadow ministerial office and are known as backbenchers.
They are so-called because they sit on the back benches of the Commons - ministers and their opposition counterparts sit on the front benches in the chamber.
Backbenchers are also sometimes known as private members and thus a backbencher can introduce an original idea for legislation in the form of a Private Members' Bill.
Backbenchers have more freedom to speak as they are not as constrained by loyalty to the government. "; $svar[19] = " Many decisions made in the Houses of Parliament are made as a direct result of lobbying, the influencing of members' votes either by parliamentary colleagues, constituents or outside pressure groups.
Lobbying takes its name from the \"lobbies\" or hallways of Parliament where MPs and peers gather before and after debates in the Commons and Lords chambers.
Traditionally, people wishing to influence the opinions of MPs or peers have frequented the \"lobbies\" seeking to persuade members of the validity of a particular viewpoint.
Nowadays, the term lobbying often refers more specifically to the work of private companies known as \"lobbyists\" which are employed by organisations to represent their views to Parliament in a variety of ways - by arranging meetings, organising protests or providing briefing material.
MPs are also \"lobbied\" directly by their constituents, local businesses and campaign groups on many issues. "; // Bla gjennom radene i bruker-arrayen og fyll ut space og fjern slashes $radnr=1; while ($radnr <= $rader) { //$s[$teller] = str_replace(""","a","$s[$teller]"); $o[$radnr] = str_replace(" "," ","$o[$radnr]"); $o[$radnr] = Stripslashes("$o[$radnr]"); $s[$radnr] = str_replace("'","’","$s[$radnr]"); $s[$radnr] = str_replace(" "," ","$s[$radnr]"); $s[$radnr] = Stripslashes("$s[$radnr]"); $radnr=$radnr +1; } if (($red != "t") and ($fontstr="")) { $fontstr = 80; $sidebr = 11; } if (!isset($sjekksvar)) { if ($id > "") { // dersom 'lagre' er trykket, sletter vi alt i formen og erstatter det med nytt innhold if (isset($lagre)) { $lagret = "ja"; $sql = "DELETE FROM gm_svar WHERE ID='$id' AND side='$pageid'"; if (@mysql_query($sql)) { } $x=0; $dato=date("Ymd"); while ($rader+1 != $x) { $sql = "INSERT INTO gm_svar SET ID = '$id', side = '$pageid', dato = '$dato', svar = '$s[$x]', nr = '$x'"; $x=$x+1; if (!mysql_query($sql)) error("Det inntraff en databasefeil ved registrering av ". "dine data.\\nDersom feilen vedvarer, vennligst ". "kontakt"); } } // dersom bruker er innlogget if (isset($id)) { $sql = "SELECT * FROM gm_svar WHERE ID = '$id' AND side = '$pageid' ORDER BY 'nr'"; $result = mysql_query($sql); $y=0; $teste=mysql_num_rows($result); // dersom poster finnes åpnes de og svarverdiene lagres i array if (mysql_num_rows($result) > 0) { // Bla gjennom radene i bruker-arrayen og plukk ut de aktuelle data while ( $row = mysql_fetch_array($result)) { $grunndato=$row["dato"]; $s[$y]=$row["svar"]; $s[$y] = str_replace("'","´","$s[$y]"); $s[$y] = Stripslashes("$s[$y]"); $y=$y +1; } } $sql = "SELECT * FROM gm_user WHERE ID = '$id'"; $result = mysql_query($sql); // dersom poster finnes åpnes de og svarverdiene lagres i array if (mysql_num_rows($result) > 0) { // Bla gjennom radene i bruker-arrayen og plukk ut de aktuelle data while ( $row = mysql_fetch_array($result)) { $etternavn = $row["etternavn"]; $fornavn = $row["fornavn"]; $sender_klasse = $row["klasse"]; $sender_email = $row["email"]; $sender_skole = $row["skole"]; $sender_teacher = $row["teacher"]; } } $sender_name = $fornavn." ".$etternavn; if ($sender_teacher > "") { $status = "Lærer"; }else{ $status = "Elev"; } } // slutt på if $id } // slutt på if !sjekksvar } ?> <? echo $sidetittel ?> "; echo ""; ?> "; include $_SERVER['DOCUMENT_ROOT'] . "/css/includes/toppmeny_eng.php"; echo ""; ?>
"; include $_SERVER['DOCUMENT_ROOT'] . "/css/includes/oppgheading_eng.php"; echo ""; if ($id > "") { if (!isset($sjekksvar)) { echo "
Logged in: $fornavn $etternavn
"; }else{ echo "
Logged in: $fornavn $etternavn
"; } }else{ echo "
"; include $_SERVER['DOCUMENT_ROOT'] . "/css/includes/text/ikke_innlogget1_eng.php"; echo "
"; } ?> Main sources:
"New Perspectives" (Aschehoug)
A-Z of Parliament (BBC)

Some useful links:


    "; if (($id > "") AND ($lagring == 5)) { echo "

    "; $lagring = 1; } }else{ echo "
    Question:   $teller1
    Suggested answer:
    Your answer:
    "; echo "
    Mark:   (0-6 : Very bad = 0 Exellent = 6)

    "; echo "

    "; } $teller=$teller+1; $teller1=$teller1+1; $lagring=$lagring+1; } ?>
"; //} if (!isset($sjekksvar)) { echo ""; echo ""; echo ""; echo ""; echo ""; }else{ echo ""; echo ""; echo ""; echo ""; echo ""; } ?>